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Actor Observer Bias

The Actor-Observer Bias is a tendency to attribute one's own actions to external factors while attributing others' actions to their internal characteristics. Essentially, people often view their own behavior as a reaction to circumstances, but see others' behavior as reflecting their personality.


Consider a situation where a colleague misses a deadline. The Actor-Observer Bias might lead you to think they are irresponsible or lazy (internal attribution), while if you missed a deadline, you might attribute it to the high workload or personal issues (external attribution). Recognizing this bias can help individuals reassess situations more fairly and develop a more balanced understanding of their own and others' behaviors.